Urbanie & Urbanus

Urban Renewal Path, Streetscape Enhancement, take green as a Strategy: a case study in Mong Kok

Zeping Ou

MUD (Master of Urban Design), Faculty of Architecture, University of Hong Kong

and  Frank Chow

MUD (Master of Urban Design), Faculty of Architecture, University of Hong Kong


Rapid urbanization and high-density development will continue to reduce people's access to nature, which has aroused people's concern about the quality of urban green spaces. Urban green spaces have been recognized as a vital element in enhancing the overall livability and aesthetics of cities. As an integral component of urban green space, street greening is a commonly employed strategy within streetscape enhancement, with the aim of enhancing the overall appearance and functionality of urban streets. However, strategies for green spaces as a common enhancement method along street environments should be reevaluated.

This paper aims to investigate how open spaces can play a crucial role in enhancing street environments and address the challenges of limited public space in high-density cities like Hong Kong. The study is conducted in Mong Kok, in Hong Kong which serves as a unique example of high-density urban streets. In the context of the urban framework from 1950s, Mong Kok's spatial constraints coexists with its continuous and vibrant street facades, giving rise to its unique Mong Kok culture and becoming a distinctive emblem of Hong Kong’s street character.

Based on the present situation and challenges of public open space in Hong Kong and the review of international cases, theories and policies, this paper discusses the methods to strategize the shortage of urban public space while improving its quality. As a result, more opportunities will be provided for leisure and social interaction and ultimately enriching the quality and sustainability of public realm as a whole.