Urbanie & Urbanus

The use of urban design principles to restructure public space - the example of Haizhu Square


Fig 1. The original design of Haizhu Square in the 1950s (by courtesy of Guangzhou Archives)

Fig 2. “Red Culture relics” around Haizhu Square.
Top left: original site for Canton Fair; Top right: original site for Wuxianmen power station; Bottom left: original site for Yongan Tang; Bottom right: original site for People’s Commune (by courtesy of Guangzhou Archives)

Fig 3. Cognition heat maps in Central Guangzhou (Left: Heat Map generated from Baidu search engine; Right: Heat Map generated from Dianping. Produced by authors)

Fig 4. The two corridors that form the urban structure (Produced by authors)

Fig 5. Aerial view of Haizhu Square before reconstruction (Photo by authors)

Fig 6. Proposed masterplan (Drawn by authors)

Fig 7. Modified vehicle routes (upper left: weekend; lower left: ceremony; right: daily. Drawn by authors)

Fig 8. Traffic calming measures
Left: short-distance street crossing (Study model prepared by authors)
Right: rough stone shared surface (Photo by authors)

Fig 9. Pentagonal figure metaphor with radiate rays (Drawn by authors)

Fig 10. Artist impression of Haizhu Square redesigned (Drawn by authors)

Fig 11a. Environmental design and souvenir design; left: handrails prototype (Drawn by authors); right: baluster (Photo taken by authors)

Fig 11a. Environmental design and souvenir design; left: souvenir design (Drawn by authors); right: temporary environmental painting (Photo taken by authors).

Fig 12. Shooting photo from the same location
Upper left: photo taken in the 1980s (by courtesy of Guangzhou Archives).
Upper right: photo taken in the 1970s (by courtesy of Guangzhou Archives).
Bottom: artist impression of the renewed square (Drawn by authors)

Fig 13. A space for multiple activities
Top: Artist impression towards the national flag (Drawn by authors)
Bottom: Guangzhou Gardening Expo (Photo by authors)

Fig 14. The square has been repopulated after the construction (Photo by authors)

Fig 15. Changing the roundabout figures using the original materials
Left: cutting the original stones (Photo by authors)
Middle: designed pentagon (Drawn by authors)
Right: strategy to use the original material to form the new pavement (Drawn by authors)

Fig 16. Construction completed aerial view
Left: the first reopen day aerial view (Photo by authors)
Right: the flag-raising ceremony (Photo by authors)